Aniline Oil Stain Formulas & Preparations

Aniline Oil Stain Formulas & Preparations

A number of mixtures and formulas for preparing aniline oil based stains.

Craftsman Style

Golden Oak

¶ Formula:

8 ounces nigrosine black, dry, oil-soluble,
4 ounces yellow, auramine or naphthalene, aniline, dry, oil-soluble,
1 ounce walnut aniline, dry, oil-soluble,
1 quart turpentine, hot,
1 gallon black asphaltum varnish.

Place the pot of turpentine in a pail of hot water. When very hot dissolve the nigrosine, yellow and walnut in it. Let cool and mix into the varnish.

Brush on this stain, let set about quarter of an hour and then brush on the filler across the grain. Rub in the filler with a wad of excelsior or burlap to force it into the pores of the wood. The natural colored filler will lift the excessive amount of stain on the surface and color itself. When it begins to set flat wipe off all of the filler on the surface, wiping across the grain and being careful not to drag the filler out of the pores.

¶ Filler:

Silex (silica) natural color.

¶ Finish:

Shellac (orange), varnish and polish to full gloss, or rub dull.

Jacobean Oak

¶ Used on oak, ash, chestnut.

¶ Formula:

2 ounces walnut aniline, dry, oil-soluble,
1 ounce orange Y, or orange G, aniline, dry, oil-soluble,
1 ounce nigrosine black, dry, oil-soluble,
8 ounces drop black tinting color ground in oil,
1 pint turpentine, hot,
½ pint (8 ounces) boiled linseed oil,
2 to 3 quarts naphtha or benzine.

Place the pot of turpentine in a pail of hot water. When very hot add the walnut, then the orange, then the nigrosine and finally the drop black. Next add the oil while hot and when cold add part of the naphtha. Add the balance of the naphtha later if needed to make the color lighter and thinner. Keep well stirred. Brush on the stain and when set, but not dry, wipe out the highlights with a cloth, in the corners and on the mouldings of panels, on carvings, etc.

¶ Filler:

Not needed

¶ Finish:

Shellac, orange. Wax or flat varnish.

Weathered Oak

¶ Formula:

4 drams scarlet or Bismarck brown aniline, dry, oil-soluble,
8 ounces nigrosine black, dry, oil-soluble,
½ ounce (8 drams) walnut brown aniline, dry, oil-soluble,
1 pint and 8 ounces turpentine, hot,
1 pint and 8 ounces benzole, 90 degree, or 160 degree solvent naphtha,
1 gallon naphtha or benzine.

Place the pot of turpentine in a pail of hot water. When very hot dissolve in it the colors. Let cool and add the benzole and naphtha.

Brush on, let ,dry thoroughly and then apply one thin coat of orange shellac, brushing carefully in one direction only to avoid lifting the stain.

¶ Filler:

None required for the correct finish.

¶ Finish:

Shellac and wax; or Sat varnish.

Early English

¶ Used on oak, chestnut, ash.

¶ Formula:

1 pound and 4 ounces nigrosine black, dry, oil-soluble,
2 ounces and 8 drams yellow, naphthalene or auramine, aniline, dry, oil-soluble,
8 drams walnut brown aniline, dry, oil-soluble,
12 ounces linseed oil, boiled,
4 ounces acetone to secure greater penetration (optional),
1 quart turpentine, hot,
1 gallon naphtha or benzine.

Place the pot of turpentine in a pail of hot water. When very hot dissolve the above colors in it and then add the oil. When cool thin with the naphtha or benzine.

Apply one thin coat of orange shellac. When the stain is thoroughly dry sandpaper lightly and clean up.

¶ Filler:

Silex (silica) color black with drop black ground in oil

¶ Finish:

Shellac, varnish and rub dull; or flat varnish; or wax.

Fumed Oak

¶ Formula:

8 ounces nigrosine black, dry, oil-soluble,
9 ounces walnut aniline, dry, oil-soluble,
1 ounce mahogany brown aniline, dry, oil-soluble,
½ gallon benzole, 90 degree, or 160 degree solvent naphtha.

Dissolve the above colors in the benzole in a bottle to prevent evaporation of the benzole. Brush on the stain and let dry. Apply a thin coat of orange shellac, brushing it in one direction only and as little as possible to avoid lifting the stain.

¶ Filler:

None required. Open pores of wood are correct.

¶ Finish:

Oil rub with a mixture of 2 ounces of boiled linseed oil, 1 ounce japan drier and 5 ounces benzine. Rub in, wipe off and let dry. Apply the second coat of oil in the same way. Let dry 24 hours or more. Shellac, 1 coat, orange. Plat varnish or wax.

Antwerp Oak

¶ Used on chestnut, oak, and ash.

¶ Formula:

4 ounces nigrosine black, oil-soluble, dry,
6 drams yellow, naphthalene or auramine, dry, oil soluble,
80 grains scarlet aniline, dry, oil-soluble,
1 pint linseed oil, boiled,
1 pint turpentine,
1 gallon benzine or naphtha.

Place the pot of turpentine in a pail of hot water. When the turpentine is very hot dissolve the above colors in it one at a time. Then add the oil and finally when the solution is cool add the benzine or naphtha.

Brush on the stain and let dry. Apply one coat of white shellac, let dry and sandpaper lightly.

¶ Filler:

Silex {silica). Color black with drop black ground in oil.

¶ Finish:

Shellac, white. Varnish, and rub dull; or flat varnish.

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