Color Pigment Based Stains
Instructions for using color pigment water based stains and finishes with preparations and formulas.
¶ These are stains mixed by the finisher using preferably graining distemper colors, colors ground in water. Common dry colors of good quality are, however, often used on plaster walls. It is very important that high quality colors be used, since the low quality colors are not ground fine enough and are not transparent and bright; they cloud the wood grain, hide the natural figures and shading of the wood; also they fill the wood pores too much, giving a muddy color effect.
¶ The mixing of the stains is simple, indeed. The dry colors are thoroughly mixed with hot water. No binder is required except a little glue. While in use the pot of stain should be stirred often to prevent the color from settling to the bottom. Sometimes a bit of aniline color, water soluble, is added to brighten up the color hue of the stain.
¶ The dry colors commonly carried in stock by paint supply houses and which are suitable for mixing color pigment water stains are these:
¶ Black - English Powdered Drop Black; Swedish Black; American Powdered Drop Black.
¶ Blues - Celestial Blue; Soluble Blue; Cobalt Blue; Ultramarine Blue; S. P. Prussian Blue;
¶ Browns - Vandyke Brown; Raw and Burnt Italian Sienna; Raw and Burnt Turkey Umber; Raw and Burnt American Umber; Raw and Burnt American Sienna; Bismarck Brown (red).
¶ Whites - Zinc, oxide; Extra Gilders' Whiting, bolted.
¶ Greens - Union Chrome, medium or dark; Bottle Green; Bronze Green; No. 3 Chrome, medium dark; Olive Green; Paris Green.
¶ Venetian Reds - York Venetian Red; Regent English Venetian Red; Craydon English Venetian Red;
¶ Reds - Indian Red, Super; English Vermilion, in 30-lb bags, Light and Dark; Oxide of Red; Permanent Red; Agricultural Vermilion; English Rose Pink; American Vermilion; English Rose Lake; Tuscan Red; Turkey Red, Light, No. 2; Turkey Red, Deep, No. 3.
¶ Lakes - Carmine, No. 40; No. 16 Lake; Geranium, AA; Vienna;
¶ Yellows - C. P. Chrome Yellow, Light, Medium or Dark; Dutch Pink; Genuine Chrome, Light, Medium or Dark.
Formulas for Color Pigment Water Stains
Dry or Distemper Graining Colors
¶ Red Mahogany - 1 Ib. Italian burnt sienna,
¶ Brown Mahogany - 1 Ib. Vandyke brown,
¶ Cherry - 1 Ib. Italian burnt sienna,
¶ Light Oak - 1 Ib. Italian raw sienna,
¶ Dark Oak - 1 pound Italian raw umber,
¶ Mission Oak - 1 pound Turkey raw umber,
¶ Weathered Oak - 1 pound drop black,
¶ Fumed Oak - 1 pound Turkey burnt umber,
¶ Walnut - ½ pound Vandyke brown,
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This is Color Pigment Based Stains.
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